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According to Terri Lewis PhD. of the National Pain Report, “Substance use disorders occur when the recurrent use of alcohol and/or drugs causes clinically and functionally significant impairment, such as health problems, disability, and failure to meet major responsibilities at work, school, or home.”

Lewis stated that, “Underserved patients with chronic pain are just as likely to be negatively labeled with red flags as is the person who has an active substance abuse disorder.  This is a function of systemic error, not a function of patient misconduct.  It places the patient at risk of unnecessary harm and vulnerability to substandard health care practices.”

Read more of Dr. Lewis’ exhaustive study at:

 Accessing the System of Care: Is Every Door Open?